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SHORT COMMUNICATION
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 55-56

Envisaging conduction of periodic reviews to strengthen the preparedness and emergency response to coronavirus disease 2019 outbreak


1 Member of the Medical Education Unit and Institute Research Council, Department of Community Medicine, Shri Sathya Sai Medical College and Research Institute, Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth – Deemed to be University, Ammapettai, Nellikuppam, Chengalpet District, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, Shri Sathya Sai Medical College and Research Institute, Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth – Deemed to be University, Ammapettai, Nellikuppam, Chengalpet District, Tamil Nadu, India

Date of Submission10-Aug-2020
Date of Decision26-Aug-2020
Date of Acceptance09-Sep-2020
Date of Web Publication26-Jul-2021

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Saurabh RamBihariLal Shrivastava
Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Shri Sathya Sai Medical College and Research Institute, Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth (SBV) – Deemed to be University, Tiruporur - Guduvancherry Main Road, Ammapettai, Nellikuppam, Chengalpet District - 603 108, Tamil Nadu
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/MTSM.MTSM_42_20

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  Abstract 


The ongoing coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has accounted for massive socioeconomic disruptions on the global scale and the number of cases and attributed deaths continue to rise. As the outbreak continues to expand in various nations, it indeed creates an opportunity for the policy makers to have a re-look on the national response to the outbreak. The proposed intra-action review can be scheduled whenever the policy makers feel that there is a need to update the existing emergency response strategies. In conclusion, the COVID-19 pandemic has made the health stakeholders and welfare agencies realize the gaps which are prevailing in the preparedness and emergency response. The conduction of periodic reviews at national or subnational level is the most appropriate approach to give an insight to the policy makers about the best interventions and those interventions which need to be re-visited for ensuring effective containment of the infection.

Keywords: COVID-19 pandemic, preparedness, world health organization


How to cite this article:
Shrivastava SR, Shrivastava PS. Envisaging conduction of periodic reviews to strengthen the preparedness and emergency response to coronavirus disease 2019 outbreak. Matrix Sci Med 2021;5:55-6

How to cite this URL:
Shrivastava SR, Shrivastava PS. Envisaging conduction of periodic reviews to strengthen the preparedness and emergency response to coronavirus disease 2019 outbreak. Matrix Sci Med [serial online] 2021 [cited 2021 Dec 1];5:55-6. Available from: https://www.matrixscimed.org/text.asp?2021/5/3/55/322332




  Introduction Top


The ongoing coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID 19) pandemic has accounted for massive socioeconomic disruptions on the global scale and the number of cases and attributed deaths continue to rise. In fact, till date, a total of 19,462,112 cases and 722,285 deaths have been reported, which amounts to a global case fatality rate of 3.7%.[1] In fact, most of the nations have attempted to formulate a holistic COVID 19 risk management strategy, which gives adequate attention toward preparedness, prevention, mitigation, and implementation of an emergency response and recovery.[2],[3]

Reviewing the action plan

As the outbreak continues to expand in various nations, it indeed creates an opportunity for the policy makers to have a re look on the national response to the outbreak.[4] This kind of review will enable the stakeholders to not only ascertain the existing challenges and what has worked best, but also will expedite the process of consensus development, documentation of the lessons learnt derived from the multisectoral response.[3],[4] Eventually, the findings of the review can be utilized to bring about reforms in the national strategy to respond to the outbreak and thus improve the chances of effective containment of the novel viral infection.[4],[5] Moreover, in the long run, these results can also be employed for the containment of similar sorts of health emergencies and will play a crucial role in health security of the nation.[4]

Indication and scope of review

The proposed intra action review can be scheduled whenever the policy makers feel that there is a need to update the existing emergency response strategies.[2],[3],[4] Some of the possible indications for the review includes a remarkable rise of fall in the incidence of cases or reported deaths, necessity to evaluate an implemented strategy after fruitful of harmful impact has been reported, issues pertaining to the supply chain, based on the requests from other stakeholders, and once the national economy has been affected due to the infection.[4] It is important to carry out the proposed review across different sectors to enable the identification of the lacunae and thus enable overall improvement. Further, these reviews can also be planned at subnational levels and if required even in specific settings (viz., humanitarian settings, camps, and ships).[4] The best part of such reviews is that it provides suitable feedback for all the implemented strategies and the involved sectors and based on the lessons learnt, the outbreak response can be improved.[2],[3],[4]


  Conclusion Top


In conclusion, the COVID 19 pandemic has made the health stakeholders and welfare agencies realize the ga ps which are prevailing in the preparedness and emergency response. The conduction of periodic reviews at national or subnational level is the most appropriate approach to give an insight to the policy makers about the best interventions and those interventions which need to be re visited for ensuring effective containment of the infection

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.



 
  References Top

1.
World Health Organization. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) Situation Report – 202; 2020. Available from: https://www.who.int/docs/default-source/coronaviruse/situation-reports/20200809-covid-19-sitrep-202.pdf?sfvrsn=2c7459f6_2. [Last accessed on 2020 Aug 10].  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Oh J, Lee JK, Schwarz D, Ratcliffe HL, Markuns JF, Hirschhorn LR. National response to COVID-19 in the Republic of Korea and lessons learned for other countries. Health Syst Reform 2020;6:e1753464.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
Parikh F. COVID-19 pandemic - Call for national preparedness. J Assoc Physicians India 2020;68:11-2.  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.
World Health Organization. Guidance for Conducting a Country COVID-19 Intra-Action Review (IAR). Geneva: WHO Press; 2020. p. 1-16.  Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.
World Health Organization. 2019 Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV): Strategic Preparedness and Response Plan. Geneva: WHO Press; 2020. p. 1-20.  Back to cited text no. 5
    




 

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