• Users Online: 93
  • Print this page
  • Email this page


 
 
Table of Contents
SHORT COMMUNICATION
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 134-135

Significance of surveillance in COVID-19 pandemic and adoption of innovative strategies for its strengthening


1 Member of the Medical Education Unit and Institute Research Council, Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth – Deemed to be University, Ammapettai, Nellikuppam, Chengalpet District, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, Shri Sathya Sai Medical College and Research Institute, Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth – Deemed to be University, Ammapettai, Nellikuppam, Chengalpet District, Tamil Nadu, India

Date of Submission08-Jun-2020
Date of Decision22-Jun-2020
Date of Acceptance29-Jun-2020
Date of Web Publication9-Oct-2020

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Saurabh RamBihariLal Shrivastava
Department of Community Medicine, Shri Sathya Sai Medical College and Research Institute, Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth (SBV) – Deemed to be University, Tiruporur - Guduvancherry Main Road, Ammapettai, Nellikuppam, Chengalpaet District - 603108, Tamil Nadu
India
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/MTSM.MTSM_19_20

Rights and Permissions
  Abstract 


The Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has spread rapidly across the globe and has impacted each and every community directly or indirectly. Amidst the various components which require strengthening for the successful containment, surveillance is a critical aspect and it significantly aids in reducing the spread of the infection by empowering the public health authorities with the right information. Acknowledging the importance of surveillance, the need of the hour is to strengthen surveillance through adoption of digital technologies which aid in the rapid reporting & data analysis, and even expand in regions with lesser number of cases. In conclusion, surveillance is an integral component of the preparedness and emergency response against the COVID-19 pandemic. It is the need of the hour to adopt innovative strategies to ensure that surveillance is strengthened and we succeed in obtaining comprehensive information about the disease and its spread in the community.

Keywords: COVID-19 pandemic, Surveillance, World Health Organization


How to cite this article:
Shrivastava SR, Shrivastava PS. Significance of surveillance in COVID-19 pandemic and adoption of innovative strategies for its strengthening. Matrix Sci Med 2020;4:134-5

How to cite this URL:
Shrivastava SR, Shrivastava PS. Significance of surveillance in COVID-19 pandemic and adoption of innovative strategies for its strengthening. Matrix Sci Med [serial online] 2020 [cited 2020 Oct 21];4:134-5. Available from: https://www.matrixscimed.org/text.asp?2020/4/4/134/297631




  Introduction Top


The Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID 19) pandemic has spread rapidly globally and has impacted each and every community directly or indirectly. Till date, 6799713 cases and 397388 deaths have been reported, and these estimates continue to rise with each day.[1] In fact, a wide range of public health and social measures have been planned and implemented in different settings, including restricting domestic and international travel, closure of educational institutions, avoiding social gatherings, the imposition of lockdown, etc., to effectively contain the outbreak of the disease.[2]

Surveillance and COVID-19 infection

Among the various components which require strengthening for the successful containment, surveillance is a critical aspect, and it significantly aids in reducing the spread of the infection by empowering the public health authorities with the right information. [2,3] The implementation of comprehensive surveillance assists the program managers in ensuring early detection and isolation of suspects, identification and follow up of contacts for the development of symptoms, specific planning and implementation of containment measures, identification of outbreaks in vulnerable population groups, evaluation of the impact of the implemented strategies, and monitoring of the trends and evolution of the virus. Surveillance further plays a very important role in relaxing the restrictions imposed during the lockdown and thus guide the public health authorities to implement control measures.[2 4]

Strengthening surveillance

Acknowledging the importance of surveillance, the need of the hour is to strengthen surveillance through the adoption of digital technologies which aid in the rapid reporting and data analysis and even expand in regions with lesser number of cases. [2,3] At the same time, it is important to ensure that the disease is included as a notifiable disease, and we encourage immediate reporting wherever feasible. Further, the planned surveillance has to be conducted at all levels and utilize the existing framework of surveillance addressing respiratory illnesses, like the Global Influenza Surveillance and Response System.[2] Moreover, the surveillance activities have to be implemented in both primary care settings as well as the hospital level to avoid missing out on any of the cases.[2]

Role of community

The members of the community can play a crucial role in surveillance by either participating in contact tracing or self reporting.[5] This process of participatory surveillance, in which members of the community report their symptoms to the health care providers without being subjected to the laboratory tests or assessment by health professionals, has its own significance, and it removes the possibility of a delay in reporting.[6]

Innovative types of surveillance

Further, the program managers can also utilize event based surveillance, which predominantly targets formal and informal sources like online content or print media, etc.[2] Another option is to initiate telephone hotline services that can be utilized by the general population either for necessary advice or for appropriate referral to health centers, but indirectly it gives the public health authorities an indication about the spread of the disease in the community.[2] In addition, the option of expanding surveillance activities toward serological testing and environmental samples should also be explored by the public health authorities.[2 4]


  Conclusion Top


In conclusion, surveillance is an integral component of the preparedness and emergency response against the COVID 19 pandemic. It is the need of the hour to adopt innovative strategies to ensure that surveillance is strengthened, and we succeed in obtaining comprehensive information about the disease and its spread in the community.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.



 
  References Top

1.
World Health Organization. Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Situation Report – 139; 2020. Available from: https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/situation-reports. [Last accessed on 2020 Jun 08].  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
World Health Organization. Surveillance Strategies for COVID-19 Human Infection-Interim Guidance. Geneva: WHO Press; 2020. p. 1-5.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
Calvo RA, Deterding S, Ryan RM. Health surveillance during covid-19 pandemic. BMJ 2020;369:m1373.  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.
Luo H, Lie Y, Prinzen FW. Surveillance of COVID-19 in the general population using an online questionnaire: Report from 18,161 respondents in China. JMIR Public Health Surveill 2020;6:e18576.  Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.
Shrivastava SR, Shrivastava PS. Corona virus disease 2019 pandemic: Encouraging involvement of community workers in the active search of cases. MAMC J Med Sci 2020;6:39-40.  Back to cited text no. 5
  [Full text]  
6.
Garg S, Bhatnagar N, Gangadharan N. A case for participatory disease surveillance of the COVID-19 pandemic in India. JMIR Public Health Surveill 2020;6:e18795.  Back to cited text no. 6
    




 

Top
 
  Search
 
    Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
    Access Statistics
    Email Alert *
    Add to My List *
* Registration required (free)  

 
  In this article
Abstract
Introduction
Conclusion
References

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed37    
    Printed1    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded9    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal